tagging a transcription consists of adding segmentation or parenthetical tags to the text. For example, it might consist of xml tags which define a constituent structure as in some syntactic treebanks. This is different from stand-off annotation where the annotations are in separate documents and aligned in time or on the transcription by the indexation … Read more

TEI: Text Encoding Initiative

A group whose objective is to define standards for textual representation in digital format (and more precisely, machine-readable text). The term TEI also refers to recommendations from the group. These are text markup conventions in element / attribute form, encoded in XML. The TEI scheme has an evolving architecture which is possible to enrich with … Read more

Time alignment

Alignment is about the temporal correspondence between two resources, for example between audio and its transcription, where the alignment can be based in terms of speaker order, intonational group, word, or phoneme, or between video and annotation (gestures or sign-language). Alignment can also refer to the temporal correspondence between two sources, such as in the … Read more

Topological visualization

Method of graphical representation of the sequentiality of a text. Some tools: Lexico3, Le Trameur, TXM


The transcription is the written image of the sound (vocal languages) or gestural (sign languages, gestural) continuum. It can be orthographic, phonetic or (morpho-) phonological, and can contain perilinguistic information (laughs, contextual indications, etc.). The transcription is associated with a sound file or a video file. The transcription is a particular instance of the annotation, … Read more