Open Language Archives Initiative. Organization, emanating from an international partnership with the objective of unifying practices and creating a network of services for the provision of linguistic resources. This organization defines a description format (metadata schema) and provides tools for the community (aggregator, statistics, quality analysis, faceted search engine). The metadata harvested by OLAC includes … Read more


Ontology, in the sphere of the semantic web, formalizes descriptors and their relationships in a given domain (ex. linguistics). This semantic formalization (relationships), beyond a standard description (TEI, ISOcat), allows automated reasoning on the data. The GOLD community (project funded by E-MELD, The Linguist List) is working on the definition of an ontology based on … Read more

Oral vs. written

In current use, oral corresponds to one of the modalities of use of the language calling, as regards the vocal languages, to the phonatory and articulation system for its production, and to the hearing system for its reception. The use of co-verbal or non-verbal signs, such as facial expressions and gestures, as well as the … Read more

Orthographic text convention

A convention for orthographic text specifies the encoding of different information allowing for audio to be recorded as text. In addition to the tokens themselves, a transcription encodes low-level information such as noises, partial words or particular pronunciations. This information generally is not included in annotations, which are higher-level information and for which we recommend … Read more