Oral vs. written

In current use, oral corresponds to one of the modalities of use of the language calling, as regards the vocal languages, to the phonatory and articulation system for its production, and to the hearing system for its reception. The use of co-verbal or non-verbal signs, such as facial expressions and gestures, as well as the contribution of the visual modality for their reception, also characterize this modality. Oral is mainly contrasted with the written modality. In this broader sense, the spoken word includes both sign languages and vocal languages.

Content validated by Groupe de Travail 4 (multimodality and visual-gestural modality)

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