Context plays a fundamental role in the use of speech (in sign language} and determines certain universal properties of human language. It concerns multiple dimensions. (1) co-verbal/non-verbal aspects of the immediate situation, such as the spatio-temporal parameters that define the situation, and, for oral language, the look and any other bodily, facial, or gestural information that is part of the speech. (2) The dimensions of communication which are more linked to the discourse context, contributing to the construction of the reference universe and the informational structure. (3) It can also include more general knowledge about the world which is shared by the speakers of a single linguistic and/or socio-cultural group.
Contents validated by Groupe de Travail 4 (multimodality and visual-gestural modality)

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